A laparoscopy may be performed to find the cause of symptoms such as abdominal pain, pelvic pain, or swelling of the abdomen or pelvic region. Or, it may be done if a previous test such as an x-ray or scan has identified a problem within the abdomen or pelvis. It enables a doctor to see clearly inside your abdomen. Common conditions which can be seen include:
A laparoscope is passed into the abdomen through a small incision (cut) in the skin. In addition to simply looking inside, a doctor can use fine instruments which are also passed into the abdomen through another small incision in the skin. These instruments are used to cut, trim, biopsy, grab, etc, inside the abdomen. This kind of surgery is sometimes called ‘key-hole surgery’ or ‘minimal invasive surgery’ and can be used for various procedures.
Some commonly performed operations include:
Benefits of laparoscopic surgery:
Laparoscopic surgery is usually performed under general anaesthetic. The surgeon or gynaecologist makes a small incision about 1-2 cm long near to the navel (belly button). Gas is injected through the cut to slightly ‘blow out’ the abdominal wall. This makes it easier to see the internal organs with the laparoscope which is gently pushed through the incision into the abdominal cavity. The surgeon or gynaecologist then looks directly down the laparoscope or at pictures on a TV monitor.
If you require a surgical procedure, one or more separate small incisions are made in the abdominal skin. These allow thin instruments to be pushed into the abdominal cavity. The surgeon or gynaecologist can see the ends of these instruments with the laparoscope and so can perform the required procedure.
When the surgeon or gynaecologist is finished, the laparoscope and other instruments are removed. The incisions are stitched and dressings are applied.