PCOS Screening

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome has no single clinical feature but is a ‘collection of symptoms’.

At the Surrey Park Clinic, our specialist gynaecologists can evaluate your symptoms and initiate the appropriate screening procedures to determine if you have PCOS.

A diagnosis is usually reached after excluding other disorders and if at least two of the following criteria are present:

  1. Irregular or infrequent periods – this indicates that the ovaries are not regularly releasing eggs
  2. High levels of male hormones such as testosterone, established via blood tests
  3. Ultrasound scan evidence of many small cysts on the ovaries

Only two of these need to be present to diagnose Polycystic Ovaries, hence you won’t necessarily need to have an ultrasound scan before the condition can be confirmed.

PCOS Screening

The screening procedure can include:

Medical History

Your consultant will establish your personal and family history and also check height, weight and blood pressure as well as asking about your menstrual cycle.

Blood Tests

Your consultant may request that the androgen hormone and glucose (sugar) levels in your blood are checked amongst other blood tests.

Ultrasound Scan

A transvaginal (TVS) and/or transabdominal (TA Scan) may be used to evaluate enlarged ovaries. With PCOS, the ovaries may be 1.5 to 3 times larger than normal and characteristically have more than 8 follicles per ovary, with each follicle less than10 mm in diameter. These ultrasound findings are not diagnostic. They are present in more than 90% of women with PCOS, but they are also found in up to 25% of women without PCOS.

 

Treatments

There isn’t a specific cure for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome so diagnosis will allow your consultant to tailor a treatment plan suited to your set of symptoms which may include:

  • Adjustments to diet – reducing processed and sugary foods in particular
  • Birth control pills – if you don’t want to get pregnant. These can help to regulate the menstrual cycle, reduce male hormone levels and reduce acne.
  • Diabetes medication – which has been found to ease PCOS symptoms by helping to control blood sugar levels and reduce testosterone production
  • Fertility medication – to stimulate ovulation if you are trying to become pregnant.
  • Surgery – sometimes used when the patient doesn’t respond to fertility medication
  • Anti-androgens – may reduce hair growth and acne.

 

Related topics: PCOS, Polycystic Ovaries, Gynaecological Scan, Blood Tests & Swabs



Find solutions for your PCOS symptoms

At the Surrey Park Clinic we specialise in the investigation and treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome to bring relief for your symptoms.
Call 01483 454 016 or complete the quick contact form: