Premenstrual Syndrome PMS

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is as the description given to the symptoms that some women get in the days leading up to their period that is marked by physical and emotional symptoms. It affects women one or two weeks before the beginning of their menstrual period. It may be that a complex combination of environmental, metabolic, and behavioural factors produces a 'vulnerability' to the hormonal changes associated with menstruation. A brain chemical, serotonin, may play a role in severe forms of PMS.

Causes of PMS/PMT

Hormonal factors

Changes in hormone levels are thought to be the main cause of PMS/PMT. More specifically, it is the decline in oestrogen and rise in progesterone for up to two weeks before the period starts.

The monthly cycle

Each month a follicle containing an egg develops and oestrogen levels rise. Once the egg is released at ovulation, oestrogen levels start to decline and progesterone levels start to rise. Progesterone works against oestrogen, and this combination of falling oestrogen and rising progesterone can result in the symptoms listed above.

Chemical factors

During the menstrual cycle some chemical levels in the brain fluctuate, such as serotonin. When serotonin levels are low it may cause tiredness and low mood, similar to those symptoms caused by declining oestrogen levels.

PMT Treatment

At present there isn’t a specific test which can diagnose PMS/PMT, however if you are experiencing the symptoms above and are finding that your quality of life is affected, you can make an appointment to see a specialist gynaecologist here at The Surrey Park Clinic who will assess your symptoms and recommend appropriate solutions. Some of the treatments offered at the clinic could be : A Progesterone coil (Mirena), Oral contraceptives (“The Pill”), Oestrogen replacement, natural progesterone cream or pituitary suppressing injections.
 

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At the Surrey Park Clinic, we are specialists in the diagnosis and treatment of PMS, Premenstrual Syndrome and offer personalised care at our friendly clinic at a time to suit you. Please call 01483 454 016 to arrange your consultation.

 
Related topics Coils & MirenaBlood Tests, Ultrasound Scans



We can help to reduce and relieve the symptoms of PMS

Our specialist consultants can review your particular set of symptoms and prescribe appropriate treatment(s) to get you back into balance.
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