Insulin Resistance

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas which regulates the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. It encourages cells to take up glucose and converts it into energy. Without glucose, cells cannot work properly.

Insulin resistance is a condition in which insulin produced by the pancreas to keep blood sugar levels steady becomes less and less effective in certain parts of the body, which are less sensitive to the insulin produced. This leads the pancreas to over compensate by producing more and more insulin to try and correct this. These higher levels then affect other systems which have kept their sensitivity to insulin. Areas most sensitive to high levels of insulin vary between individuals and according to genetic makeup.

The most common areas sensitive to high levels of insulin include:

  • Body fat cells
  • The male and female reproductive glands
  • The hair follicle (male and female)
  • Areas known to require a high level of protein synthesis (mainly hormone secreting glands e.g. thyroid, adrenal, pituitary etc)
  • The liver and cells known to produce clotting factors

Symptoms of Insulin Resistance include

  • Central abdominal weight gain (even if slim)
  • Difficulty losing weight
  • Carbohydrate Cravings
  • Dizzy episodes
  • Facial spots
  • Increased body hair
  • Reduced scalp hair

Effects of Insulin Resistance

Insulin also has a profound effect on the cardiovascular system. This works on both:

  • The artery wall – preventing the ability to contract and relax, making the vessels stiff and small and prone to damage from blood being forced through.
  • Cholesterol clearance from the blood stream. This effect can lead to higher levels of circulating cholesterol and an increased risk of furring up of arteries. This in turn results in reduced blood supplying the:
    • Heart
    • Brain
    • Kidneys
    • Eyes
    • Peripheries and other vital organs

In the long term, increased outpouring of insulin results in eventual ‘pancreatic exhaustion’ and a higher risk of diabetes. There is evidence that insulin resistance and high levels of insulin can affect the metabolic processes in many parts of the human body.

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At the Surrey Park Clinic, we specialise in the diagnosis and treatment of Insulin Resistance and offer effective treatments to help stabilise blood glucose levels.
Please call 01483 454 016 to arrange your consultation.

Treatment

Up until recently insulin resistance has been poorly understood, but increasing interest and research shows that the diagnosis and early treatment or improvement of insulin resistance has huge benefit, both in the short term for the treatment of symptoms, and in the long term for prevention of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Insulin Resistance Screening

At the Surrey Park Clinic we will perform tests to determine if and to what extent you are affected. We can advise on treatments from lifestyle and dietary advice to medication such as Metformin Glucophage to help control blood glucose levels.

Related topics Blood Tests, Dietary Advice



Your consultation and personal treatment plan

We treat each individual patient with care and consideration. We listen to your worries and concerns and offer expert advice and guidance so that you can make informed decisions about your treatment options. Call 01483 454 016 to speak to one of our team, or complete the quick contact form: